Ethiopia: U.S. Embassy Statement Following Deaths at Chelenko and Universities

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: U.S. Embassy Statement

U.S. Embassy Addis Ababa

We are troubled and saddened by reports of violence that has resulted in deaths and injuries in the town of Chelenko and at several universities over the past two days. We extend our condolences to the families and friends of the victims.

It is important that the Ethiopian government ensure the safety of all Ethiopian citizens, and hold accountable those responsible for violence.

We encourage the people of Ethiopia to uphold their admirable and longstanding tradition of respect for their country’s ethnic diversity and its tradition of peaceful co-existence, and to seek constructive means to raise concerns and resolve their differences.

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Ethiopian People Patriotic Front Guard (EPPFG) assembled the year last members meeting in Nürnberg city


By :- Bikesegn Haileleul and Alemayehu Kidanewold

Photo by :- Michael Mekonnen
Nürnberg: EPPFG did its last meeting of the year in Nürnberg city on December              02, 2017. The meeting was opened by welcome speech of Mr. Luel Keskis – chairman of
the Ethiopian people patriotic front guard and he has been presented detail Annual
report of the organization to the participants .


Mr. Luel Keskis emphasized on his speech – “EPPFG will continue struggling the
Ethiopian government and beside to that we will increase our help to our brothers
and sisters who suffered as immigrant in different part of the world due to fear of
detention and human rights violation from Weyane .” By continuing his speech
“while we struggle to avoid Weyane ,we do not have any morale obligation to
collaborate with the enemies of our much-loved country Ethiopia and we are not
negotiate to sell our country in any matter to others and let our people in
complicated violation. While some people seems like they are unpretentious to
Ethiopians, they are working for their own agenda and dismantling Ethiopia because
of money. It is known from history that Ethiopia has protection all the time from
genuine citizens.”


One of the sessions of the meeting was current affairs; on this session there was live
discussion between participants based on the article from Graham Pebbles, how
current ethnic conflicts are deliberate government design. The master mind of the
current Ethnic conflict, in different part of the country, is the Ethiopian government
(Weyane) .The government use this tool to divert attention of Ethiopians from their
grievance. It is clearly known that in different part of the country there is uprising of
citizens in different forms.
From stage the discussion chaired by Bikesegn Haileleul (chairman man of EPPFG
in Bayern region) accompanied by Mr. Alemayehu Kidanewold (Chairman of EPPFG
in Würzburg area) and Mr. Yohans Tkaere Getnet ( vice chairman of EPPFG in
Bayern region ). Participants were actively participated on the discussion. And finally
the meeting has been concluded by replaying possible answers from the stage
which have been asked by participants.

የኢህአግ ዘብ /EPPFG/ የዚህን አመት የመጨረሻ መዝጊያ ስብሰባውን አዳሄደ

 

Reported by Alemayehu Kidanewold

Photo by Michael Mekonnen

በኑረንበርግ ከተማ በ 02 /12 /2017 ከቀኑ በ 14.00 ሰአት የኢህአግ ዘብ /EPPFG/ ስብሰባ አቶ ልዑል ቀስቅስ የድርጅቱ ሊቀመንበር በንግግር ከፍተወታል::

አቶ ልዑል በአመቱ የተሰሩትን ጠቅላላ የሰራ ዝርዝር እና በህወሃት መንግስት የመብትና ነጻነት ረገጣ እንዲሁም ሰላም ማጣት የሚሰደደውን ህብረተሰብ በተቻለ መጠን በሰው ሃገር እንግልት እና ችግር እንዳይገጥመው ድርጅቱ ሃልፊነቱን በተጉዋዳኝ እየተወጣና ወደፉት በተጠናከረ መልኩ እንደሚቀጥል አስታውቀዋል::

አቶ ልዑል አስረግጠውም እንደተናገሩት ወያኔን ለማስወገድ ስንታገል ግን ከኢትዮጵያ ጠላቶች ጋር ልንተባበር እንደማንችልና ከማንኛውም ሃገር ጋር ሃገራችንን ለመሸጥ እና ወደባሰ ብጥብጥ እንደትገባ የማድረግ የሞራል በቃት እንደሌለን አሰረደተዋል::

የኢትዮጵያ ወዳጆች መስለው የራሳቸውን አጀንዳ አራምደው ኢትዮጵያን ለማፈራረስ ከጥንትም ጀምሮ ቢሞከርም እስካሁን በሃገር ወዳድ ኢትዮጵያውያን ታፍራና ተከብራ የኖረችውን ሃገር በግልጽ እንደምናያቸው ሰዎች ለስልጣን ጥማትና ለፍርፋሪ ገንዘብ ብለን በምንም መንገድ ድርድር ልናደርግ እንደማንሞክር በስብሰባው ተገልጾዋል::

የህወሃት መንግስት በየጊዜው ቆዳውን እየቀያየረ ዘርን ከዘር ሃይማኖትን ከሃይማኖት በማጋጨት የራሱን የመንደርተኝነትን አስተሳሰብ በህዝቡ ላይ በመርጨት እድሜውን ያራዘመ ቢሆንም ህብረተሰቡ እና ድርጅታችን ይህንን በንቃት በመከታተል ትግሉን አጠናክሮ መቀጠል እንደሚገባው ተገልጾዋል::

በሌላው አጀንዳ በአሁኑ ሰአት በሃገራችን ስላለው ሁኔት የብሄር ግጭት በመንግስት የተወጠነ እና የተሰራ ነው” Graham P. በጻፉት ጥናታዊ ጽሁፍ በመነሳት አቶ ቢክሰኝ ሰፋ ያለ ማብራርያ ሰተውበታል::

ሰብሰባውንም የባየር ሊቀመንበር አቶ ቢክሰኝ ሃይለ ልኡል ፣ የቩርዝቡርግና አካባቢው ሊቀመንበር አቶ አለማየሁ ኪዳነወልድ እና አቶ ዮሃንስ ትካኤር ጌትነት መርተውታል:: ስብሰባውም 16.00 ሰአት ላይ ተጠናቁዋል::


የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥሰት የሚያስከትል አዲስ የጸጥታ እና የደህንነት ዕቅድ ይፋ ተደረገ 

በሰብዓዊ መብት ላይ ከፍተኛ ወንጀል የሚፈጽም አዲስ ዕቅድ ይፋ ተደረገ፡፡ ዕቅዱ የብሔራዊ እና የክልል ደህንነት ጸጥታ ምክር ቤቶች የጋራ ዕቅድ የሚባል ሲሆን፣ ይህን ለማስፈጸምም ራሱን የቻለ አንድ ግብር ኃይል አለው፡፡ በውጭ ዲፕሎማቶች እና በእርዳታ ሰጪ ሀገራት ጫና የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁን ለማንሳት ተገዶ የነበረው ገዥው ፓርቲ፣ አሁን ደግሞ ቆዳውን ገልብጦ ሌላ ጸረ ህዝብ አዋጅ ይዞ ብቅ ማለቱም ተነግሯል፡፡

ትላንት በጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽ/ቤት በተደረገው ስበሰባ ላይ የፌደራል እና የከልል የደህንነት አባላት፣ የመከላከያ አዛዦች እና በጸትታ ጉዳይ ላይ የሚሰሩ የገዥው ቡድን ሰዎች ተገኝተው ነበር፡፡ የመከላከያ ሚኒስትሩ እና የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ምክር ቤት ኃላፊ የሆኑት አቶ ሲራጅ ፈጌሳ፣ በውይይቱ ላይ እንደገለጹት፣ አዲስ የወጣው ዕቅድ ለቀጣይ አንድ ዓመት ይቆያል፡፡ ዕቅዱ በፌደራል እና በክልሎች የተቀናጀ ተሳትፎ እንደሚተገበር የገለጹት አቶ ሲራጅ፣ ዕቅዱም ከፌደራል እስከ ቀበሌ ድረስ እንደሚተገበር ተናግረዋል፡፡

በህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ ከፍተኛ ጭንቅት ላይ የሚገኘው አገዛዙ አንዴ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ፣ ሌላ ጊዜ ደግሞ የብሔራዊ እና የክልል ደህንነት ጸጥታ ምክር ቤት የጋራ ዕቅድ በማለት የህዝብን ተቃውሞ ለማፈን እየሞከረ እንደሚገኝ ታዛቢዎች ይገልጻሉ፡፡ ሀገሪቱ ተረጋግታለች በማለት በጫና የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁን አንስቶ የነበረው አገዛዙ፣ አሁን ላይ በድጋሚ አዋጁን መመለስ መሳቂያ መሳለቂያ እንደሚያደርገው አምኗል የሚሉ ታዛቢዎች፣ በዚህም የተነሳ የስም ለውጥ በማድረግ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁን የሚተካ አዲስ ህግ ማውጣቱንም ታዛቢዎቹ ያክላሉ፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እየተካሔደ ያለው ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ የስልጣን መናጋት የፈጠረበት አገዛዙ፣ አዲሱን የደህንነት ዕቅድ የተቃውሞ ማብረጃ ለማድረግ እንዳቀደም ታውቋል፡፡ የብሔራዊ ደህንነት ምክር ቤት የተባለው ግብረ ኃይል ውስጥ የመከላከያ፣ የደህንነት፣ የፌደራል እና የክልል የደህንነት አዛዦች የተካተቱበት ሲሆን፣ ግብረ ኃይሉም ህዝባዊ ተቃውሞ በተነሳበት ሰዓት ሁሉ ወታደሮችን እና ፖሊሶችን የማዘዝ ስልጣን አለው፡፡ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁ በስራ ላይ በነበረበት ሰዓት እስከ 60 ሺህ የሚደርሱ ሰዎች መታሰራቸው እና በርካቶችም መገደላቸው ይታወሳል፡፡ አዲሱ ዕቅድም ተመሳሳይ ዓለማ እንዳለው ለመረዳት ተችሏል፡፡

EPPFG Around Würzburg Executive Committee Meeting in Schweinfurt

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News Report by Alemayehu Kidanewold

The committee of the Ethiopian people patriotic front guard ( EPPFG) will be holding its regular meeting on today in Schweinfurt. On 19 October 2017, accomplished a very successful meeting.

The meeting was started around 2:00pm by Mr. Alemayehu Kidanewold who is the Chairman of the EPPFG in Around Würzburg speech about Committee’s major activities in the past, including regular report and detail explanation about the current political situation in Ethiopia.

After reports were heard from representatives of Committee’s, They discussed properly on issues about how we could be strong in our movement for liberation of Ethiopia. Participants were aware of the current problems and situation of Ethiopia due to lack of justice, freedom and democracy in Ethiopia.

What is behind clashes in Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions?

Displaced person

captionAt least 30,000 people have fled their homes

Thousands of people have fled Ethiopia’s Somali region following deadly clashes in recent days between ethnic Somalis and Oromos. The BBC’s Kalkidan Yibeltal looks at the cause of the conflict and whether it can be stopped.

Dozens of people are reported to have died in clashes across Ethiopia’s Oromia and Somali regions in recent days.

According to Adisu Arega, Oromia government’s spokesperson, 18 people have been killed.

Twelve of those victims are ethnic Somalis, Mr Adisu told the BBC.

The figures are however disputed by the Somali regional government, which says that more than 30 ethnic Somalis have been killed in the Oromia town of Awaday.

The clashes have displaced at least 30,000 people, some of whom have taken refuge in makeshift camps at a stadium in the eastern city of Harar, whilst others are camping at police stations.

Local administrators have now asked aid agencies operating in the area to provide humanitarian assistance.

How serious is the trouble?

Following intense anti-government protests that plagued the Horn of Africa country during most of 2016, the government imposed a 10-month state of emergency, which was lifted in July.

While this heightened state of alert calmed most of the restive areas in the Oromia region, it did not stop cross-border clashes in the Oromia and Somali areas.

Displaced people

captionEthiopia’s ethnic-based borders have been fuelling conflict between the two communities

In February and March, hundreds were reported to have been killed in the southern Oromia district of Negele Borena after an incursion by a paramilitary force called the Liyu Police, which is backed by the Somali region.

Ethnic Oromos allege that the Liyu Police, which has previously been accused by rights groups of human rights violations, of being behind the current attacks.

The Somali regional government has however rejected the allegations and charged that senior officials in the Oromia government were sympathisers of the Oromo Liberation Front, which is categorised as a terrorist organisation by the Ethiopian government.

While conflicts have been common between the two bordering communities, the public finger-pointing by top regional officials is unprecedented and could exacerbate the current conflict.

“We don’t believe this is expected from a responsible senior government official,” Communication Minister Negeri Lencho told the BBC.

Ethiopia’s political arrangement – federalism structured along ethno-linguistic lines – dictates that ethnic borders are also usually political ones.

Critics argue that this structure is a tinder box that allows minor conflicts to escalate.

What is behind the conflict?

Oromia and Somali are, respectively, the two largest regions in the country by area size, sharing a border of more than 1,400 km (870 miles).

While Somalis are mostly pastoralists, living from their animals, Oromos tend to be farmers, as well as pastoralists.

Both communities inhabit the areas around the regional border.

map

Historically, their relationship has been characterised by territorial competition which often leads to disputes and conflicts over resources, including wells and grazing land.

These conflicts can cause the displacement of tens of thousands of people.

In 2004, a referendum to decide on the fate of more than 420 kebeles – the country’s smallest administrative unit – gave 80% of them to Oromia.

Following the outcome, tens of thousands of ethnic Somalis reportedly fled the areas for fear of repercussions.

The decision has still not been implemented and this is one factor behind the current conflict.

Will the clashes spread further?

Since the two communities are largely pastoralist and cross borders in search for pasture for their animals, it is difficult to clearly demarcate their boundaries.

Tents

captionThousands of people are living in makeshift shelters

Additionally, clashes that occur between the two communities can easily spread to neighbouring regions and countries because of shared ethnic ties.

The recent conflict has reportedly inspired the killing of two Ethiopians of Oromo origin in Hargeisa, capital of the self-declared republic of Somaliland.

People are reportedly trying to escape the violence by fleeing to the Kenyan town of Moyale, which also has a history of Oromo-Somali conflict.

Ethiopia’s communication minister told the BBC that the military and federal police forces had intervened to control the clashes.

But it is not clear whether this will be enough to prevent the conflict from spreading.